Florence Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Florence) - 200 Seeds
•American grown seeds
•Easy to grow
•Sow spring or summer
•USDA Zones 3-9
Florence Fennel, a native of Italy, is sometimes known by its Italian name finnochio and seen in markets labeled (although inaccurately) sweet anise. It's a perennial vegetable plant in most zones that actually provides one vegetable, an herb and two spices. Foeniculum vulgare Azoricum as a vegetable uses the plant's spreading bulbous base, with a texture much like celery, but with a subtle anise flavor. The feathery fronds have a dill-like flavor, and are used to perfume fish and soups, and the stronger and aromatic fennel seeds and pollen are used in many cuisines around the world. Some fennel types can grow 4-5 feet high, with the smaller Florence variety at about 1-1.5 feet.
Fennel is easy to grow, and best propagates by seed. The taproots of the plant don't transplant particularly well, and any disturbance of the root can tend to cause the plant to bolt. The best time to plant Florence fennel is either in early spring or in July through early August so that the plants can mature in cooler fall weather. Spring-sown plants are more likely to bolt so many gardeners will wait until July/August to seed their fennel and harvest the bulbs in the fall.
Like celery, the entire fennel plant is edible and lends itself to a wide variety of cooking applications. In fact, this mildly licorice-flavored plant is a member of the parsley family. Use fennel raw or cooked after removing the tough outer leaves. Fennel can be served raw in wedges or sticks finely sliced in salads. Florence fennel can be grilled, braised, boiled, or sautéed.
Fennel is a commonly used household remedy, being useful in the treatment of a variety of complaints, especially those of the digestive system. The seeds, leaves and roots can be used, but the seeds are most active medicinally and are the part normally used. An essential oil is often extracted from the seed for medicinal use, though it should not be given to pregnant women. The plant is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, aromatic, carminative, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, galactogogue, hallucinogenic, laxative, stimulant and stomachic. Just one cup of fennel contains almost 20 percent of your recommended daily value of vitamin C. You'll also find plenty of iron, fiber, and potassium
Grow in rich, light soil in a warm location and provide ample water so that the bulbs will form properly. Sow the herb seeds directly in the garden as soon as ground can be worked. Sow 1 seed every 2-4 inches in rows 24" apart. Thin seedlings to 8-12" apart. Prefers full sun and well-drained soil pH 6.1-7.5. Harvest can take place usually 100 days after sowing the Fennel seeds. Bulbs can be pulled and eaten as a vegetable or Florence Fennel seed can be collected as the umbels dry and turn brown in color. Cover the seed head with cloth or a bag, cut the stems and catch the herb seeds that are disturbed in the cloth or bag. The Fennel seeds pop out easily.
All orders are shipped USPS First Class with tracking at a flat rate whether you buy 1 seed order or 100. Free shipping over $35. All orders come in a resealable plastic zip lock bag labeled with growing instructions. If stored properly, your seeds can last for years. All seeds have been tested to ensure the highest germination rate possible. Our seeds have no weeds or fillers mixed in. You will get 100% of the seed you ordered. We do our absolute best to get all orders placed before 4pm out that day. Orders placed after 4pm will ship the following day. During peak seasons, processing times may be slightly longer. If you have any questions, please contact us at any time.
***These products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and therefore we cannot claim to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. All information on our site is provided for educational purposes only.
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