•American grown seeds
Fireweed is a tall showy wildflower that grows from sea level to the subalpine zone. A colorful sight in many parts of the country, fireweed thrives in open meadows, along streams, roadsides, and forest edges. In some places, this species is so abundant that it can carpet entire meadows with brilliant pink flowers.
Fireweed has been found to contain several chemical compounds with anti-inflammatory and/or antibacterial properties. One, Oenothein-B, has been patented by a Canadian company and is now being marketed as an anti-irritant and anti-inflammatory ingredient for skin care products.
Researchers are also investigating fireweed as a possible acne treatment. Another line of investigation is exploring whether fireweed has any value as a treatment for prostatitis, since related Epilobium species are being used for this purpose.
SEEDS ARE VERY SMALL. They are more successfully germinated if direct sown outdoors in the fall, but moderately easy to germinate in flats. As they need cold to germinate, it’s best to use a stratification technique. This sounds complicated, but it's really easy. A 30-day period of cold, moist refrigeration will speed germination appreciably. Here’s a video that shows the technique… https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zzyV5YdgmWI
Select an area with full to partial sunlight. Ideal locations include areas near drainage ditches or near bodies of water in full sunlight. These areas will be high in humidity, which is ideal for fireweed. Make sure the soil is moist to slightly soggy. Pull up any weeds in the area before planting the seeds. Use a small tiller or shovel to mix the soil and fertilizer about 5 inches in depth. Smooth out the top of the soil without packing it down firmly. Spread the fireweed seeds over the soil. You can place the seeds about 3 feet apart, as the plants will grow fast and fill in the bare spots. The optimum time to plant fireweed seeds is during the fall season. Cover the seeds with 1/2 inch of soil. Water the seeds after planting, then only water when the soil feels dry or when drought occurs. After the plant is established, little to no water is needed.
USDA Zones: 4-8
Height: 36-48 inches
Bloom Season: Early to late summer
Average Germ Time: 14-21 days after cold stratification
Light Required: Full sun to partial shade
Watering: Keep moist
Seeds per Plant: 5-10
Plant Spacing: 24 inches
***These products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and therefore we cannot claim to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. All information on our site is provided for educational purposes only.
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